The Internet of Things (IoT) is poised to transform the way people work, play, and interact with products and services. In terms of living and work structures, modern lifestyles consist of largely of work and recreation, both of which are conducted largely indoors.
Americans today spend roughly 90% of their time indoors
IoT is one of the key Smart Technology and solution components of Smart Cities, Smart Buildings, Smart Homes, Smart Workplaces, and Smart Work away from home, factory, or office. IoT technologies are anticipated to make a substantial impact upon the physical and logical infrastructure supporting cities, work spaces, and homes.
A large percentage of the global population lives in an urban environment, a rapidly accelerating trend that is taxing the resources and management capabilities of city governments. In addition, the enhanced mobility of modern society has created extreme competition between cities to attract skilled residents, corporations, and related jobs.
A significant majority of IoT applications will occur within metropolitan areas and will ultimately integrate within a Smart City ecosystem
Smart Cities are much more than just an effort by sovereign nations to modernize their infrastructure – they are a focal point for growth drivers in several key ICT areas including: M2M/IoT, Connected Devices, Broadband Wireless, Cloud Computing, Big Data and Analytics. Smart City developments are causing many technologies and solutions to integrate with convergence seen across with many resource areas including energy, water, sanitation, and other essential services.
There are many technologies involved in support of Smart Cites. Systems and resources are intertwined as mobility, communications, energy, water, platforms, monitoring/control, performance management, predictability and forecasting all merge together.
Improving the operational effectiveness and efficiency, safeguarding assets, and establishing new value-added services are a few of the fundamental goals of Smart Buildings.
Smart buildings encompass central control of the vital systems that provide security, comfort and sanitation for its inhabitants. The discrete operations are integrated into a common network of control.
Enterprise will benefit in general, as will certain services provider companies that manage large industrial facilities and equipment such as Drives, Pumps, Cooling Towers, and Compressors, which are all large, expensive, and utilize a lot of electricity. IoT will improve lifecycle cost management for facilities and equipment through more intelligence utilization, maintenance, and predictive replacement.
The traditional definition of a smart home is a residence that is equipped with special capabilities that enable residents to remotely control an array of home electronic devices. This includes controlling many different home components such as lighting, appliances, entertainment, security, and more.
However, the definition of Smart Homes is evolving as IoT evolves, providing greater connectivity and control. The Connected Home is an extension of home automation and operates in conjunction with IoT wherein devices inside the home are connected to each other via the Internet and/or via a short-range wireless mesh network and are typically operated using remote access device such as smartphone, tablet or any other mobile computing unit.
Smart Products and Services
Smart Service refers to a broad concept that integrates all services that use automated and technology-enabled connectivity and intelligence. This helps to provide effective and better insights and predictability through smart analysis.
Related to Smart Home technologies, smart appliances leverage IoT and are connected to the Cloud and control infrastructure such as utilities/smartgrid to enable more efficient and more productive use of electricity. In addition to reducing lifecycle costs, smart appliances provide the consumer with a means of optimizing their lifestyle through configurable instructions for operation. Smart appliances include thermostats, clothes washers, dryers, microwaves, hot water heaters, and refrigerators.
Smart Appliances rely upon various communications technologies including Wi-Fi, ZigBee, Z-Wave, Bluetooth, and NFC, as well as IoT and related operating systems for consumer command and control such as iOS, Android, Azure, Tizen. Implementation and operation is becoming increasingly easy for end-users, facilitating rapid growth in the Do-it-Yourself (DIY) segment.
While major appliances are one of the first areas to become more intelligent, it is important to note that many products and services will become smart as IoT extends it reach into consumer lifestyles.
Leveraging process automation and industrial data will provide analytics and intelligence, manifest at the retail level as smart products and services that transform lifestyles. Mind Commerce also sees a coming substantial impact on business supply chains as product life cycle management is transformed by way of evolving IoT and Industry 4.0 technologies, processes, and procedures.
The Smart Workplace is a concept powered by IoT technologies and solutions and is composed of smart workforce, intelligent environments, and smart components. There are many factors to consider including service robots, ubiquitous connectivity and communication technology, building automation and management systems, sensor equipped energy management system, cloud and edge enabled infrastructure, mobile device management, wearable networks, intelligent software applications, and many more.
While closely tied to Smart Buildings, it is important to note that the Smart Workplace is not tied to only to a building space as remote work includes home workers, telecommuting, and work while traveling. Accordingly, a larger definition of the Smart Workplace includes technologies and solutions to enable more efficient and effective workflow and other business operation considerations.
Management of traffic and roads is a problem that most cities face today. With rising urbanization, governments across the globe are looking at ways to improve public transportation and provide better traffic management services within cities. Managing long-distance passenger and goods traffic is also a concern.
Technology can play a role in analyzing traffic data and providing solutions that can make traffic flow fluid, with minimum environmental impact and pre-empt many problems. It is possible to phase traffic lights, provide real-time guidance to drivers and digitally monitored parking spaces using a sensor-networked city communications infrastructure. These enable the road management system to be efficiently and nimbly monitored.
Intelligent Transport System (ITS) uses a set of technologies to gather information for road users and the authorities. It collates information such as traffic flow, road condition, details of any accidents, and weather conditions. Various technologies are leveraged for ITS including sensors connected to traffic signals collect information continuously about the traffic volume and flow and provide a warning ahead of the threshold to help divert traffic and analytics applications and platform can help in GIS mapping of roads and in getting real-time data from traffic signals.
Personal automotive vehicles such as cars and motorcycles are becoming increasingly more intelligent. Smart vehicles can also be found in business as light duty truck as well as short-haul and long-haul shipping vehicles. In both personal and business-use vehicles, connectivity is the key word as transportation is becoming increasing connected for safety, information, logistics, and entertainment
Connected Vehicle solutions leverage many different wireless communications technologies, including WiFi, Satellite, and 4G/LTE. Connected vehicles also represent one of the most important innovation areas for the IoT technologies and solutions. IoT becomes particularly useful as a means of providing autonomous signaling and communications in support of Vehicle to Vehicle (V2V) and Vehicle to Application solutions.
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