What is detection? Within the context of this report, detection is defined as systems solutions and applications whose purpose is to gather data that is of an unstructured nature. In other words, detection systems in this context are those systems and solutions facilitate aggregation of Big Data. Detection systems include sensors, presence and location systems. Sensors exist within consumer sector as well as industry. Presence falls within the realm of telecommunications and general ICT systems.
Presence is really not an application by itself but is rather an enabler of applications, adding value to them. We define presence information within a telecommunications context to include the state of an object or device, status of attachment or engagement, device type, usage or activity, and coarse location information. All of these attributes can be used to distinguish the presence of an entity or object. In telecommunications or computing an object or device can be many things including a PC or laptop, circuit-switched or IP-based phone, mobile/cellular phone, or other wireless data, voice or signaling device.
Sensors in Consumer Sector
Sensors in the consumer sector typically utilize some form of RFID. Some people know about this as NFC (near field communications). Even if they don’t know that term, they have probably used it whether paying for gas at the station or making a purchase at the supermarket. General RFID systems are used in the consumer sector in retail sales, for example as a means of tracking the location of clothing and preventing theft.
Sensors in Industry
There are a variety of sensor types and applications within industry including:
Industrial Scenarios: This area includes measurements of physical parameters such as temperature or vibration of manufacturing machinery/equipment, detecting toxic chemicals, fluid, gas pressure and other variations from the norm.
Consumer Scenarios: Most of these involve safety and well-being such as accelerometers, gyroscope, temperature, flooding, smoke, carbon monoxide, glass breakage, and proximity (of various types).
Business Scenarios: These are many and varied such as monitoring traffic, smart building (HVAC, lighting, security, etc.), and others.
Environmental: This includes monitoring tsunami, seismic activity, fires and more.
For more information, see: