Outside of the battleﬁeld, the same personnel tracking technology can be applied to the training environment. Location-enabled training environments can facilitate more complex and more realistic training exercises. The system is also suitable for urban indoor and outdoor combat training. Movement of recruits in the training environment can be seen in real time on a computer screen and can be captured and replayed for evaluation with the recruits after the session. Senior commanders can be trained under the same system to learn to coordinate troops approaching from different directions. In addition to combat and training, security systems on military bases may employ the same technology to determine unauthorized entrance or exit from speciﬁcally deﬁned areas. If all personnel and weapons are RFID tagged, their path of movement can be recorded and analyzed in real time to alert the commander if abnormal behavior of individuals is found. A scenario illustrating the operation of such a system could be an intruder entering a restricted area with a fake ID. Let’s say that the intruder disabled an armed guard and now has the officer’s weapon Since the intruder possesses a fake ID, the system will alert the officials when the intruder tries to get through another gate, because the system senses that the tag on the ﬁrearm is not moving with the associated tag assigned to the disabled guard. In military access control, tracking the movement of weapons is a useful tactic in addition to human identiﬁcation.
Highly trained dogs are often used in search operations. These dogs search for explosives as well as for missing personnel. Dogs are trained to locate hidden objects using their sense of smell. Depending on the training provided and special characteristics of different breeds, some dogs are more sensitive to the smell of explosives and others are more sensitive to the smell of humans, dead or alive. The dog is trained to alert its handler by barking when a suspicious object is found. This signaling method may be sufficient in urban operations and in small outdoor areas where the communicating pairs remain in sight most of the time, but when searching in a large area, such as a forest, the reﬂection of sound and obstacles in sight may make it difficult for the human to locate the barking dog. Installation of RFID tags allows human handlers to locate the dog easier, hence making the search more effective.